This course gives an overview of the various levels at which individuals or groups of persons who are aggrieved by violations of human rights can seek redress. The UN human rights system is complemented by three regional human rights systems, which have also established redress mechanisms at a regional level. The three lessons in this course, not only introduce you to redress mechanisms at the three levels, but also guide you in identifying the inter-relationship among the various mechanisms.
Tracing the history of the ideals of justice, equality, liberty, democracy, laws and rights, this module will give you an insight of the thinking of political legal philosophers who had initially defined the concept of human rights as political one. However, with continuous struggle of the people through out the ages to assert their personal /individual autonomy took them to liberate them selves from the clutches of authoritarian rules and paved for instituting democracies where their consent has become the sole basis for any ‘legitimate’ rule.